Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Authorization under E-Waste
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)is the responsibility of every producer of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) for channelization of e-waste to an authorized dismantler / recycler to ensure environmentally sound management of such waste.
EPR authorization is mandatory and has to be obtained by all the producers including importers, e-retailers/on-line sellers/e-bay etc. of EEE covered in E-Waste. A producer can implement its EPR either through take-back system or by setting up collection centers or both forchannelization of e-waste/end of life products to authorized dismantlers/recyclers.
The producers are required to have arrangements with authorized dismantlers/recyclers either individually or collectively or through a Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) or E-Waste Exchange system as spelt in their EPR Plan which is approved/authorized by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
These rules are applicable to every producer, consumer or bulk consumer, collection centre, dismantler and recycler of e-waste involved in the manufacture, sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment or components specified in schedule – I of these Rules.
Two categories of electrical and electronic equipment namely:
- (i) IT and Telecommunication Equipment and
- (ii) Consumer Electricals and Electronics such as TVs, Washing Machines, Refrigerators Air Conditioners including fluorescent and other mercury containing lamps are covered under these Rules.
Details of Extended Producer Responsibility Plan – Producers should submit their own EPR plans appended to Form-1 for seeking EPR authorization. Producers may submit multiple options and schemes for channelization of E-Waste and such scheme should be described with a brief write-up along with a schematic flow chart/diagram of E-waste movement. The options and schemes for E-Waste channelization may comprise the following:
- 1. Details of scheme/incentive for returning of e-waste by consumers /bulk consumers whether through dealers or buy-back arrangements or take-back systems or exchange scheme for channelization of e-waste.
- 2. If producer is opting to manage its EPR responsibility through PRO, then details of PRO’s organisational structure and system of collection and channelisation to the authorised dismantlers/recyclers of e-waste.
- 3. If e-waste exchange is part of channelisation then the details thereof.
- 4. If producer is opting for ‘deposit refund scheme’ (DRS) or exchange scheme for collection and channelisation of e- waste, then the details of mode of refund of the deposited amount taken from the consumer or bulk consumer at the time of sale has to be specified along with interest that becomes due at the prevalent rate for the period of the deposit at the time of take-back of the end-of life products.
5. Required details :
>Collection and Storage plan,
>Channelization Plan ,
>Dismantlers & RecyclersTreatment,
>Storage ,Disposal Facilities
6. Target based approach for implementation of EPR has been adopted in the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, which stipulate phase wise collection target to producers for the collection of e-waste, either in number or weight, which shall be 30% of the estimated quantity of waste generation during first two year of implementation of rules followed by 40% during third and fourth years, 50% during fifth and sixth years and 70% during seventh year onwards.